I wanted to be different than the class example, so I chose the year 1900. First thing I notice is that there is a difference in how the census data was collected and shows up. The class 1890 data example had more specificity, so, instead of the detailed white-toned native v white-toned foreign it is just native versus foreign. More specifically it is shown in the codebook as Native-born – Male, Native-born – Female and Foreign-born – Male, Foreign-born – Female.
I chose to visualize the data using an area chart, to me, it was an easy demonstration of its data. Below is a screenshot of the area chart native-born versus foreign-born. Notice How overall no matter if you are a man or women there are more native-born than foreign-born. If you look closer, you can see that there are actually (overall across the board) more native and foreign-born women than men. I found this fascinating especially after the class discussion was mainly about the “alarming” amount of men was an overall theme and tool used to try and prevent immigration. It is also interesting that as the years went by it went from being picky about the type of foreign and native (like white/lighter skinned) to just noting who was an immigrant.
The screenshots labeled below visualize native-born females versus foreign-born females and native-born versus foreign-born males respectively. I wanted to visualize just the males and females to breakdown the chart above and come up with new thoughts.
Based on all of the charts, it looks like North Carolina held a large population of people in general, leading to a large amount of both native and foreign-born people. In a less densely populated area such as the Arizona population, you see there is a low population of people and that there are equal amounts of native-born females and males, as well as foreign-born males and females. To look at an area with fluctuating demographics you can see Massachusetts Native born are far more than foreign-born males but the number of native-born males is about the same as foreign-born females!
I learned a lot about immigration in the Progressive Era, the laws passed and how today’s era is looking more and more like a Second Progressive Era. I do wonder if the high rate of women is due to the fact that they can register in the census without a man (as a miss) due to the rising requests of the women’s movement or if on the foreign-born side if the United States takes in more women than men when meeting their quotas. It is a shock to see a large number of women. Especially, as stated before, due to the “alarm of men coming and stealing jobs” that is published when discussing immigration. After thinking about the reasons why I just decided to show it in an area chart showing Foreign Born Male v Foreign Born Female pictured below.
It could be speculated that the quota changes allowed women more entry than men or since today it is scientifically proven women live longer than men maybe these are just the last census numbers but females live longer and that is why it is showing more females. This visualization creates so many possible questions and spurred on answer ideas. I overall learned that the Pogressive Era immigrations is the back story to todays current climate and that not much has changed.